Creative Arts and Physical Education (CAPE)

Creative Arts and Physical Education (CAPE) has three components namely:

  1. CAPE1: Music Dance and Drama (MDD)
  2. CAPE2: Physical Education (PE)
  3. CAPE 3: Art and Technology


CAPE 1: Music, Dance and Drama (MDD)

MDD is presented as a practical as well as an aesthetic area. It comprises singing/signing; dance; reading and writing/brailing; instrumental work; listening; drama. Music for primary schools is more related to nature and other things that surround learners. Sounds in the environment can affect children’s moods; excite their curiosity and make them delight in their sense of hearing. Pairing of music and movement is very expressive and spontaneous. Spontaneous and structured music activities enhance children’s awareness of music and movement. These activities foster body awareness, motor development and socialisation. The repetitions and imitations through music and movement activities enhance cognitive and language development. CAPE 1 therefore enables learners to perform music, dance and drama as a means of gainful employment, and for physical fitness. The content for CAPE 1 is arranged according to topics as indicated below:

  1. Singing and Rhythm
  2. Singing and Pitch
  3. Traditional Folk Singing
  4. Drama
  5. Song Study (Sheet Music)
  6. Traditional Folk Dance
  7. African Traditional Music Instruments
  8. Singing and Composing
  9. Singing and Accent
  10. Performing the Arts

CAPE 2: Physical Education (PE)

Physical Education aims at development of physical skills, knowledge, understanding, positive social behaviour and attitudes concerning human movement.  It enables the learner to develop body skills, physical capabilities and practical skills in games and sports as well as their application to development of physical fitness, healthy life style and social interaction. It requires a mastery of movement patterns and development of body stamina within safe and structured play environment.

Physical Education enables learners to explore their potential for movement (psychomotor); intellectual understanding of movement (cognition); development of social interactive qualities (socio-affective); development of organic fitness and appropriate health habits (fitness and health), and aids creation of employment opportunities.

Physical Education is basically a practical subject, but has to be supported by the theory aspect. The theory aspects like safety measures, interpretation of rules of play, benefits of Physical Education, measurements of facilities and teaching points for particular skills are re-enforced through practicals.

It is important to note that the topics taught from P4-P7 are the same, but the degree of intensity and depth of content differs. 

The following are the topics covered in Physical Education:

  1. Athletics
  2. Hitting and Striking Games (Rounders, Cricket)
  3. Ball Games (Football, Volleyball, Netball, Handball)
  4. Traditional Games
  5. Educational Gymnastics
  6. Rhythm and Movement Patterns
  7. Water Games (Swimming)


CAPE 3: Art and Technology

Art and Technology enables learners to participate in production activities as a source of gainful self-employment and to develop positive attitudes towards work.  The knowledge and skills acquired in learning CAPE 3 lead to increased household income, job creation, self-reliance and sustainable development.

Art and Technology fosters aesthetic development; it helps learners to learn about beauty and diversity inherent in nature, and makes them actively involved in creating their own work of art. Art and Technology is organised in modules, themes and topics.